The five basic tenets of nutrigenomics are:
- Improper diets are risk factors for disease.
- Dietary chemicals alter gene expression and/or change genome structure
- The degree to which diet influences the balance between healthy and disease states may depend on an individual’s genetic makeup.
- Some diet-regulated genes (and their normal, common variants) are likely to play a role in the onset, incidence, progression, and/or severity of chronic diseases.
- “Intelligent nutrition” – that is, diets based upon genetics, nutritional requirements and status – prevents and mitigates chronic diseases